New Developments in Argentina Crisis and Brexit Maze

Limits to a hard Brexit and capital controls support, respectively, Sterling Pound and Peso.


Exchange rate Uncertainty Pound Argentine peso Brexit Central banks IMF Exchange rates

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Among all currencies, two of them dominated this week’s economic discussion: Argentine peso and British pound.

Argentina: selective default and capital controls

As already said in previous articles, August has been a tough month for Argentina, marked by political events that rattled financial markets, shifted investors away from the country and negatively impacted on the currency. In mid-August, several rating agencies downgraded Argentina1, while the central bank hemorrhaged its international reserves in the attempt to shore up the peso.

Argentina: International reserves excluding gold (2019)

Source: StudiaBo eleaborations on Banco Central de la República Argentina data.
Argentina: Riserve internazionali escluso oro (2019)

In the face of a progressive deterioration of Argentine economic situation and galloping inflation, in the last week of August Argentina asked its creditors – first of all, the IMF - for a restructuration of its debt. Standard & Poor’s therefore declared a “selective default” for Argentina.

On September 1, the Banco Central de la República Argentina announced capital control measures in order to “Safeguard Exchange Rate Stability and Savers”.
No restrictions have been placed on the purchase of foreign currency for foreign trade purposes; nonetheless, exporters of goods and services are now compelled to “exchange their foreign currency earnings in the domestic market”, within a specific amount of time. “Individuals will have no limitation to buy foreign currency for up to $10,000 a month”, but “No amount in excess of $10,000 a month per person may be transferred abroad”. As regards resident legal persons, they will require the BCRA’s approval to e.g. transfer earnings and dividends abroad.

tasso di cambio peso argentino verso il dollaro

These measures, that have been in place for just a few days, managed to stop the peso’s fall. For the moment, the currency has recovered almost 6% of its value against the dollar.

Never-ending Brexit chaos

The other theme that dominated this week’s economic discussion refers to the latest Brexit developments. In the last days, the opposition managed to inflict two major defeats to PM Johnson’s intransigent Brexit-at-any-cost position (current deadline: October 31).

  • On September 4, the House of Commons approved a bill (Benn Bill) which requires the postponement of Brexit if, by October 19, the prime minister will not have reached an agreement with the EU or obtained parliamentary approval for a no-deal Brexit. The proposal, just approved by the the House of Lords, could become law on Monday.
  • Another blow for PM Johnson was the parliamentary defeat on the proposal of early elections, to be held on October 15. The prime minister hopes snap elections to grant him a new strong majority, to help him carry out his Brexit plan.

These two events have therefore partially – and at least for now – reduced the risk of a no-deal Brexit. The reaction of the pound has been favorable: as can be seen from the chart below, between September 3 and 6, the British currency recovered more than 2% of its value against the dollar.

tasso di cambio sterlina verso il dollaro

The performance of the pound thus shows a clear market approval when the risk of a no-deal Brexit decreases. Nonetheless, in spite of this temporary recovery, the outlook for the next future still looks highly uncertain. Risks for the pound are therefore on the downside, all the more so if elections will actually take place: in this case, electoral uncertainty would add to Brexit uncertainty, both weighing on the British currency.

1. See our Credit Risk database for more information.